Information about getting rid of pests that may invade your home can help you identify them and give you the advantage of early detection and to implement proper measures to avoid them from taking over your home. While there are pests that are more of a nuisance, there are also some that can transmit or cause serious diseases so it is always important to control them. Below is a list and description of common pests that can be found homes and other establishments.
Cockroaches have the ability to adapt to different environments and earning them the reputation of true survivors. Some species can live up to months without food and water. They can live in dry or moist conditions and generally eat any variety of food but like to feed on decaying organic matter and fermenting foods. They are commonly found in kitchens, bathrooms and basements.
These insects leave an offensive odor in their trail which they use to attract other cockroaches or direct others for food and water. Aside from being annoying insects, cockroaches can cause human health risks because they can carry harmful microbes on their bodies.
To prevent cockroach infestations, keep areas clean, store human and pet food properly, seal garbage bins tightly, repair dripping taps and avoid having moist areas in dark places. Also make sure to prevent or close any possible openings through doors, windows, walls, floors, and cupboards. You can also use cockroach repellants which are readily available in stores for use in commonly infested areas.
Crickets are harmless to humans but can be pests invading homes for food. They are harmless to humans but they do cause damage to food supply and may chew on silk and woolens, among others. They invade buildings most often during the wet season and are active at night. They can be found under or behind appliances and cabinets usually in the kitchen.
Avoid crickets entering your home by sealing openings they might get into, properly storing food and keeping areas clean.
Fleas live off blood from mammals and birds. They are very small parasites measuring about 1/16 to1/8 of an inch and are wingless but they have the ability to jump 7 to 8 inches far and about a foot horizontally. That is how they move from host to host engorging themselves in blood until they are full not just for survival. They thrive in their host’s body and also where the host sleeps and lives, hiding and reproducing in carpets, walls and furniture.
Flea bites cause itchiness and skin wounds on your pet that can become prone to allergies and irritations. They can also be vectors for diseases like bubonic plague and epidemic typhus. They can transmit diseases from animal to animals and even to humans.
Regular cleaning and vacuuming of your pet’s favorite areas can do a whole lot in preventing the infestation of fleas in your home. Also, consult your pet’s vet to find how to get rid of fleas on your pet.
Mice and Rats
Mice and rats are mammals that belong to the order of rodents. While they share a few similar characteristics, these two common house pests are distinguished by size (mice being much smaller) and are actually not very fond of each other with mice usually becoming prey to rats. In body size, mice can be 3 to 4 inches long while rats measure 9 to 11 inches. They both, however, forage homes for food and shelter and can transmit harmful diseases from their feces and parasites.
Leftover human and pet food can attract mice and rats into your home. Avoid their attack by keeping or discarding food properly and sealing possible entryways. Their ability to gnaw through wood with their sharp teeth can make the smallest possible opening an easy way through your home or cupboards. They can also be found eating crops from your garden. Monitor any activity in your produce garden to prevent them from doing more damage.
Repellants can be bought from stores for getting rid of mice but serious infestation calls for professional pest control services.
Silverfish are harmless to human but can cause significant damage to your household items. They like to feed on wallpaper glue or paste, natural textiles, carpets, books and paper. They may also gnaw on cotton, linen and silk although they do not have the ability to digest them. You will find small holes in the materials they have attacked. Preferring dark and moist environments, they can be commonly found in under sinks, bathtubs, in the laundry area and the basement and also in bookshelves, behind floorboards, window or door frames and wallpaper.
These insects derive their name from their fish-like color, body shape and movement. They are also known as fishmoths and carpet sharks.
Although they bite, they cause no serious health risks to humans.
Spiders can provide biological control on other pest problems but in homes they can also be considered pests themselves because of the inherent fear many people have of them. This fear has been magnified because of the common depiction of spiders in movies as venomous insects although there are only a few species that can be aggressive and cause serious medical conditions.
For complete safety though, homeowners may choose to eliminate spiders in their home. Spiders can be found in warm, dark places. Regular vacuuming and sealing possible entry through walls and under doors can be a way to prevent their infestation in the home. If you notice webs, immediately remove them and also avoid having woodpiles or compost piles outside your home. Finding a way to get rid of spiders in your home isn’t always as easy as it seems so make sure to consult with a professional spider pest control technician for proper spider extermination techniques.
Termites have been classified into an estimated 4,000 species. These insects mostly feed on dead plant material, leaf litter, soil or animal dung classified as soil-feeding, grass-eating and dampwood that actually contribute and provide ecological importance. But of the 4,000 species there are 10% of their kind—the subterranean and drywoods–that can cause serious structural damage to homes and vegetation. These 10% are considered major pests.
Termites are small insects measuring just from 1/8 to 1/4 of an inch that do not cause harm to humans but can cause great damage to wooden structures. In the southwestern United States alone they cause close to $1.5B damage per year. Termites look a lot like flying ants but with only 2 distinctive body parts.
If you see sawdust-like droppings, discarded wings, mud tubes from the ground, cracked or bubbling paint, hollow parts on wooden structures, these may be signs of termite infestations. Call professional help immediately to exterminate the termite colony and remove existing and future access to the building.